Fish farming in Uganda

Fish farming in Uganda

This is the rearing of fish in a controlled environment for food or sale

Importance of fish farming

  • Source of food
  • Source revenue from sale of fish
  • Source of employment
  • Source of animal feeds
  • Diversification economic activities.

Challenges of fish farming

  • Lack of land/space for ponds
  • Lack of education and skills in fish farming
  • Lack of inputs
  • High costs for fish feeds
  • High pollution of water and swamps
  • Limited research
  • Low level of technology
  • Legal restriction on fish farming in swamps.

Species of fish reared in Uganda

  • Tilapia
  • Cat fish
  • The carp
  • Nile perch
  • Silver fish
  • Lung fish


It is a structure used to hold a standing body of water with limited flow.


Types of fishponds

  • Embankment pond (levee ponds): is made by construction of walls above the ground level to impound water without excavation into the ground.
  • Excavated pond: made by digging out the soil and then using the dug soil to build pond embankment.
  • Partially excavated pond with low walls (ravine ponds):

Features of a good fishpond

  • Permanent /reliable water source throughout the year
  • Pond walls or dykes to hold the water in the pond.
  • Water controls to manage water level and flow.
  • Tracks and roadways along the pond wall for easy access.
  • Harvesting facilities and other equipment for water and fish management.
  • Security
  • Access to market

Care for fishpond

  • Feed the fish regularly and remove excess food and debris from the pond
  • Observe the fish for healthy swimming, eating, and breathing behavior
  • Monitor the water level, temperature, pH and quality, and add new water if needed
  • Clean the pond and the pump, filter, lines, and fountains regularly
  • Manage the nearby plants and grow water plants to provide shade and oxygen
  • Control water weeds

To prevent diseases in your fishpond

  1. Water Quality Maintenance:
  • Regularly test the water quality for pH, ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate levels.
  • Maintain proper water circulation and aeration to prevent stagnation.
  • Use a good-quality filter to remove debris and excess nutrients.
  1. Quarantine New Fish:
  • Before introducing new fish, quarantine them in a separate tank for a few weeks.
  • Observe their health and behavior during this period to prevent the spread of diseases.
  1. Avoid Overcrowding:
  • Overcrowding stresses fish and increases the risk of diseases.
  • Follow recommended stocking densities based on the size of your pond.
  1. Feed Properly:
  • Feed your fish a balanced diet to boost their immune system.
  • Avoid overfeeding, as excess food can lead to water pollution.
  1. Remove Dead Fish Promptly:
  • Dead fish can release harmful substances into the water.
  • Remove them promptly to prevent disease transmission.
  1. Regular Inspections:
  • Check your fish for signs of illness (e.g., abnormal swimming, lesions, discoloration).
  • Address any issues promptly by consulting a fish health professional.
  • Remember that prevention is key, and maintaining a healthy environment is crucial for disease prevention in your fishpond.

Methods of harvesting fish

  • Drainage of pond water completely pick out fish and refill with water
  • Use of nets

Method of preserving and processing fish

  • Drying
  • Salting
  • Smoking
  • Canning
  • Freezing
  • dehydrating

Please obtain free downloadable notes, exams and marking guides of agriculture, biology, chemistry etc. from website: 0778633682

Dr. Bbosa Science

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