Nitration of benzene or reaction of benzene with nitric acid
Nitration of benzene
This is the introduction of the nitro group on the benzene ring using a hot mixture of concentrated sulphuric acid and concentrated nitric acid.
The formation of a yellow liquid of nitrobenzene when benzene is reacted with a mixture of concentrated nitric acid and concentrated sulphuric acid distinguishes benzene from cyclohexane,
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