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# UACE S101 General Paper section B: Logic Quiz 18

### Study the table showing the estimates and magnitude of HIV and AIDS by age and gender in Uganda (1993 and 1998) and answer the following questions.

 Estimated magnitude of HIV/AIDS in Uganda Age/Gender 1993 1998 0 – 14 year (both sexes) 153,000 280,780 15 – 19 years (both sexes) 137,480 168,590 20 – 49 Female Male 62,6780 581,620 778,590 721,000 50 years +(both sexes) 181,100 225,035

Adapted: Uganda national operation plan for HIV/AIDS/STD Prevention, Care and Sport (1994-1998)

Questions

(a) Calculate

(i) Percentage increase for each age group of people living with HIV/AIDS.

(ii) Overall percentage increase in HIV/AIDS infection between 1993 and 1998

(b) (i) Which group has the highest percentage increase in HIV/AIDS

(ii) What is the likely impact of such a rate of infection on the society?

(c)  (i) State the gender group with the highest number of HIV/AIDS cases?

(ii) Suggest possible reasons for this occurrence.

(d) Suggest measures that should be taken to reduce the level of HIV/AIDs infection in Uganda

### Solution

(a) Calculate

(i) Percentage increase for each age group of people living with HIV/AIDS.

(ii) Overall percentage increase in HIV/AIDS infection between 1993 and 1998

Total cases in 1993 = 153,000 + 137,480 + 626,780 + 581,620 + 181,100 = 1,679,980

Total cases in 1998 = 280,780 + 168590 + 777,590 + 721,000 + 225,035 = 2,171,995

(b) (i) Which group has the highest percentage increase in HIV/AIDS

0 – 4 years (both sexes)

(ii) What is the likely impact of such a rate of infection on the society?

• High medical care costs
• High rate of absenteeism from work to attend to the sick children
• Low enrollment is preprimary school
• Family wrangles and breakdown
• Low family economic growth due to high expenses on medical care and lack hope

(c) (i) State the gender group with the highest number of HIV/AIDS cases?

Female

(ii) Suggest possible reasons for this occurrence.

Girls begin sexual intercourse and marry early due to the following reasons

• They have a lower age of sexual maturation
• They are vulnerable to rape
• High drop out from school due to lack of fees
• Pressure from parents who value bride price
• Poverty and congestion that introduce sex knowledge early
• Lack of family guidance
• Loss of parents and thus girls turn to prostitution as a source of living.
• Rural urban migration exposing girls to rapist
• Reckless media that teaches girl how to play sex
• Blood transfusion from infected person
• Sharing sharp instrument with infected persons
• Pornographic materials

(d) Suggest measures that should be taken to reduce the level of HIV/AIDs infection in Uganda

• Abstinence from sex
• Being faithful to one’s partner
• Use of condoms
• Create public awareness against the causes of HIV/AIDS
• Safe blood transfusion
• Restricting sharing of sharp instrument with infected person
• Restricting the distribution of pornographic materials.
• Provide sex education early in life
• Provide guidance and counseling to children
• Tackle the problems of poverty.
• Enforce laws against defilement.