Urban and peri-urban farming (UPA)

Urban and peri-urban farming (UPA)

This refers to the practice of cultivating or producing, processing and distributing food in and around urban or peri-urban areas.


It is the growing of plants and raising animals within or around cities


Features of UPA

  • Practiced on small plots/space
  • Uses more labor than machines
  • It uses more organic inputs than inorganic inputs
  • High value crops and animals are kept.
  • It is less dependent on natural factors such as rain but relies on artificial supply of water.

Benefits of Urban and peri-urban farming.

  • Poverty reduction through creating low-cost employment to the farmers.
  • Waste recycling.
  • Food security and nutrition i.e. there is production of highly nutritious crops.
  • Creation of employment
  • Government revenue

Problems associated with urban and peri-urban farming

  • Some crops such as maize are breeding ground for vectors such as mosquitoes.
  • Limited land
  • Raising livestock in the city leads air pollution
  • High labor costs.
  • Encroachment on swamps
  • High risk of theft
  • High risk of disease transmission from animals to people.
  • Limited research.

Measures to promote UPA

  • Construction of marketing facilities for selling produce
  • Subsidization of inputs
  • Incorporation of UPA in school curriculum
  • Providing credit facilities
  • Establishing demonstration farms
  • Conduction research
  • Provision of agricultural extension services.

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Dr. Bbosa Science

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